Almost the entire Greek force was annihilated. The fever became stronger with each following day to the point that he was unable to move and speak.
Alexander the Great was born on July 20, BC.
They would subdue all races on Earth. Finally rid of Darius, Alexander proclaimed himself King of Persia. He adopted the Persian dress for ceremonies, gave orders for Persians to be enlisted in the army, and encouraged the Macedonians to marry Persian women.
Listen to a recorded reading of this page: In spring he crossed the Dardanellesleaving Antipaterwho had already faithfully served his father, as his deputy in Europe with over 13, men; he himself commanded about 30, foot and over 5, cavalry, of whom nearly 14, were Macedonians and about 7, allies sent by the Greek League.
Shortly afterward, however, Callisthenes was held to be privy to a conspiracy among the royal pages and was executed or died in prison; accounts vary ; resentment of this action alienated sympathy from Alexander within the Peripatetic school of philosophers, with which Callisthenes had close connections.
But their initial victory did not last for long as Antipater returned with a large army, defeated the rebels, and regained Greece.
They were not aware that the Athenians and the Peloponnesians, stunned by the speed of the Macedonian king, quickly reconsidered their options and were now awaiting the outcome of the battle before they make their next move.
Four months later, the Macedonians burned the royal palace in Persepolis, completing the end of the ancient Persian Empire. Phoenician ships burning the Macedonian siege towers Artwork by Johnny Shumate Macedonians storming the walls of Tyre Artwork by Johnny Shumate During the seven-month siege of Tyre, Alexander received a letter from Darius offering a truce with a gift of several western provinces of the Persian Empire, but he refused to make peace unless he could have the whole empire.
Alexander then turned northward to central Asia Minor, to the city of Gordium. Alexander the Great was the king of Macedonia or Ancient Greece.
Just 20 years old, Alexander claimed the Macedonian throne and killed his rivals before they could challenge his sovereignty.
Antipater was in Thrace at the time and the Greeks took the opportunity to push back the Macedonian forces. Alexander entered the temple of Melcart, and had his sacrifice. He murdered Cleitus, one of his most-trusted commanders, in a drunken quarrel, but his excessive display of remorse led the army to pass a decree convicting Cleitus posthumously of treason.
In autumn Hephaestion died in Ecbatanaand Alexander indulged in extravagant mourning for his closest friend; he was given a royal funeral in Babylon with a pyre costing 10, talents. Only the temples and the house of the poet Pindar were spared from destruction. The rise of Rome put an end to Macedonian kingdoms.
Next, he conquered Egypt and established Alexandria as the capital. He defeated the Thracians and Tribalians in series of battles and drove the rebels beyond the river.
There is no reason to assume that his demand had any political background divine status gave its possessor no particular rights in a Greek city ; it was rather a symptom of growing megalomania and emotional instability.
Almost the entire Greek force was annihilated. Feb 22, · Watch video · In Babylon, Alexander the Great suffers a mysterious illness causing his death just a few days shy of his thirty-third birthday. Alexander the Great: The Brief Life and Towering Exploits of History's Greatest Conqueror--As Told By His Original Biographers Oct 26, by Arrian and Plutarch.
coin: From Alexander the Great to the end of the Roman Republic, c. –31 bc Alexander introduced a new era in coinage, struck in vast quantities at a variety of mints from Macedonia to Babylon with uniform types and weights. "You may wonder," said Arrian in his introduction to his biography "why I am writing another book on Alexander the Great when there have been so many already." Arrian wrote at the end of the first.
Alexander the Great Alexander of Macedon Biography. King of Macedonia and Conqueror of the Persian Empire.
Alexander III the Great, the King of Macedonia and conqueror of the Persian Empire is considered one of the greatest military geniuses of all times.
Alexander III of Macedon (Greek: Αλέξανδρος Γ΄ ὁ Μακεδών; 20/21 July BC – 10/11 June BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Ancient Greek: Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μέγας, translit.A biography of alexander the great