The great fire off london

The Museum of London website claims that there was a connection, [68] while historian Roy Porter points out that the fire left the most insalubrious parts of London, the slum suburbs, untouched. Wealthy people preferred to live at a convenient distance from the traffic-clogged, polluted, unhealthy City, especially after it was hit by a devastating outbreak of bubonic plague in the Plague Year of Porter gives the figure as eight [54] and Tinniswood as "in single figures", although he adds that some deaths must have gone unrecorded and that, besides direct deaths from burning and smoke inhalationrefugees also perished in the impromptu camps.

The wind dropped on Tuesday evening, and the firebreaks created by the garrison finally began to take effect on Wednesday 5 September.

Great Plague of London

A scapegoat was needed: It required a complete redesign of the damaged area, erasing the old streets completely. These did not appear as plague deaths on the Bills of Mortalityso no control measures were taken by the authorities, but the total number of people dying in London during the first four months of showed a marked increase.

They are the Bohemians, formally known as the Bohemian Club. It contained the fire until late afternoon, when the flames leapt across and began to destroy the wide, affluent luxury shopping street of Cheapside. The moving human mass and their bundles and carts made the lanes impassable for firemen and carriages.


During the day, the flames began to move eastward from the neighbourhood of Pudding Lane, straight against the prevailing east wind and towards Pepys's home on Seething Lane and the Tower of London with its gunpowder stores. According to the inscription, it was evidence of God's wrath on the City of London for the sin of gluttony that the fire started at Pudding Lane and stopped at Pye Corner.

The next largest city in the kingdom was Norwich, with a population of 30, The scaffolding caught fire on Tuesday night. Only a few deaths from the fire are officially recorded, and deaths are traditionally believed to have been few.

Sunday morning[ edit ] Approximate damage by the evening of Sunday, 2 September [28] "It made me weep to see it. He went by coach to Southwark on Monday, joining many other upper-class people, to see the view which Pepys had seen the day before of the burning City across the river. On this, the year anniversary of the founding of the Bohemian Club, Bohemian Grove: The parish churches not directly threatened were filling up with furniture and valuables, which soon had to be moved further afield.

They had a narrow footprint at ground level, but maximised their use of land by "encroaching" on the street, as a contemporary observer put it, with the gradually increasing size of their upper storeys. None of these plans were accepted.

The Bills of Mortality began to be published regularly inin which year 33, deaths were recorded from plague. The link between the rat as reservoir of infection and host to fleas which could transfer to man was not understood.

It, too, had little impact. The author first describes the Waco disaster. This time, however, demolition was fatally delayed for hours by the Lord Mayor's lack of leadership and failure to give the necessary orders. The typical six- or seven-storey timbered London tenement houses had " jetties " projecting upper floors.

London's Burning: The Great Fire

Many died in wretched circumstances of starvation and thirst in the hot summer that was to follow. Physicians were hired by city officials and burial details were carefully organized, but panic spread through the city and, out of the fear of contagion, people were hastily buried in overcrowded pits.

Great Fire of London

Several observers emphasise the despair and helplessness which seemed to seize Londoners on this second day, and the lack of efforts to save the wealthy, fashionable districts which were now menaced by the flames, such as the Royal Exchange —combined bourse and shopping centre — and the opulent consumer goods shops in Cheapside.

Smaller than the Norwegian rat, which later supplanted it, it is also keener to live near to humankind. Charles's next, sharper message in warned of the risk of fire from the narrowness of the streets and authorised both imprisonment of recalcitrant builders and demolition of dangerous buildings.

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Rebuilding The City

Although the Great Fire was a catastrophe, it did cleanse the city. The overcrowded and disease ridden streets were destroyed and a new London emerged.

A monument was erected in Pudding Lane on the spot where the fire began and can be seen today, where it is a reminder of those terrible days in September “London is shattered and broken to pieces” With more than 80% of the City of London destroyed by fire (13, houses alone), and a similar percentage of the population rendered homeless, there was an urgent need to rebuild the city and to recommence trade.

The Great Fire of London was a disaster waiting to happen. London of was a city of medieval houses made mostly of oak timber. Some of the poorer houses had walls covered with tar, which kept.

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The great fire off london
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